Ann Bergren introduces Mary-Ann Ray, reviewing her development from painting and dancing to architecture. Mary-Ann Ray clarifies the kind of vernacular she is interested are not rooted to one place or timeless, but moveable and easily adaptable. As an example, she examines structures of the Turkish gecekondu (“built overnight”) tradition, emphasizing their quickness, clever jerry-rigged solutions, and use of discarded materials. Ray discusses how the gecekondu buildings influenced designs for Los Angeles, such as the Raise-Up House, a series of wearable shelters, and a series of interstitial residences. Ray responds to questions from the audience.